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Buducnost vedy?

PoslaťNapísal: Ned Aug 28, 2011 1:45 pm
od guest126
Dostal som mailom od profesora a presny zdroj sa mi nechce hladat. Osobne to vidim ako buducnost a mne uz pomaly jednoodborovy informatik pride dobry iba sam pre seba (informatiku). Krasny priklad je aj tento clanok ... kazit.html , kde Slovak naprogramoval software, na ktory Hollywood cakal 10 rokov. Nikto im to nevedel urobit. Ten Slovak posobil silno vo filmarskej brandzi a tak presne vedel potreby. Dnes je vyvoj strasne neefektivny, podla mna, lebo neuveritelny cas stoji komunikacia medzi programatormi a klietmi, kde casto sa aj tak naprogramuje nieco ine..

Big Buzzword on Campus
is "convergence" a revolution in science or jargon?

Research universities have been abuzz with what some are calling the "next big thing": convergence, the integration of the life, engineering and physical science. This wholesale merging of minds is being billed as critical to to helping researchers answer the most profound questions: How does the brain work? What causes cancer? How can we make energy more sustainable? "The convergence evolution is a paradigm shift," write the authors of a recent paper from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Convergence means a broad rethinking of how all scientific research can be conducted."

Researchers can be forgiven for thinking they have heard this all before. The concept of merging tools and methods from separated disciplines is not new: the x-ray's arrival in 1895 brought physics to the doctor's office. More recently, the Human Genome Project spawned integrated fields such as bioinformatics and system biology. But Philip A. Sharp, a biology professor at M.I.T. and co-authors of the white paper, argues that the true multidisciplinary nature of convergence marks a"third revolution" in science that is following in the footsteps of the molecular biology revolutions of the 1950s and genomic revolution that began in the late 1980s.

If something revolutionary is again afoot, it has only recently begun reaching critical mass, with more universities opening facilities and revamping hiring practices to foster the cross-disciplinary research. Earlier this year New York University cut the ribbon on its Biomedical Chemistry Institute, with laboratories shared by chemist and biologists researchers collaborating on new antibiotics, malaria drugs and cancer diagnostics. M.I.T's new David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research mixed biology and engineering labs and features common spaces design to promote integration. Columbia University's recently opened North-west Corner Building brings together engineers, physicists, chemists and biologists in open-format labs and common dining room and library. Other universities have started recruiting across disciplines.Michigan Technological University has experimented with hiring faculty by research theme - such as energy - rather than by departments. And last October the University of Iowa announced 14 new tenure-track positions as part of a multidisciplinary hiring initiative centered on "the aging mind and brain".

So is convergence a revolution or simply a matter of scientific evolution? It may be hard to tell until it yields its own version of of the double helix of the human genome.

Bryn Nelson
Scientific American, July 2011, p.12